QUESTION: American Indian incarceration rates

question / pregunta: 

What are the rates of incarceration for American Indians compared to Whites? or, What is the chance that as an American Indian you will be incarcerated in your lifetime? (Need source as well. The information I'm finding on the internet is mostly unsourced or refers to a mother jones article that I can't find.)

Answer: QUESTION: how would I find most recent statistics on the percent or # of prisons providing prenatal care?


The earlier comments had some great suggestions for places to look for information. Doing some additional research, the ACLU has put out some great and fairly recent information on a state-by-state analysis of standards for pregnancy-related health care in U.S. prisons. You might start your search by checking out their 2008 report, available here.
Basically, all US prisons are instructed to provide basic prenatal care for women inmates, but the extent to which they do so varies wildly from state to state, as you'll see both in the state-by-state analysis listed in the ACLU report, and in the 2010 report listed in the comments above, which essentially provides a letter grade for each of the states based on statistics gathered by the ACLU. So although I wasn't able to calculate the percentage of prisons that provide prenatal care, the ACLU report should give you a fairly recent breakdown on a state level, and also provides links to the Department of Corrections for each state.
I also located some databases that might be useful for you in doing further research. The National Criminal Justice Reference Service is run out of the Justice Department, and in doing some cursory searching, found some articles that would likely have additional statistics for you, particularly if you were looking to drill down to the state level. For example, this article works through statistics on female prisoners in Michigan, and this one has a similar focus on Nebraska.
You might also check out Criminal Justice Abstracts for additional resources related to women's reproductive rights in prison.
Works cited

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QUESTION: prison reading groups

question / pregunta: 

I'm looking for information regarding reading groups in prison. So far, I've been able to find some information about a group called Prison Reading Groups in the UK, but I'm wondering if there are any projects like that happening in the States?

QUESTION: where/how would I find statistics on how many women enter u.s. prison already with a h.s. diploma or GED in the 1970s?

question / pregunta: 

How or where would I find statistics on how many women incarcerated in the U.S. in the 1970s obtained their GEDs or high school diplomas BEFORE incarceration?

# of US prisoners designated as terrorists


according to this Slate article (verified by US Bureau of Prisons) there are "139 domestic terrorists" in US prisons.

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Jury Duty for Radicals

" a juror, you are one of a panel of twelve judges with the responsibility of protecting all innocent Americans from unjust laws."

QUESTION: Fidel Castro Quote Verification

question / pregunta: 

I'm seeking the source of the following quotation:

"In prison, there were no rifles for training, no stone fortresses from which to shoot. Behind those walls, our rifles were books. And through study, stone by stone we built our fortress, the only one that is invincible: the fortress of ideas."

~Fidel Castro

I would like to find the primary source (speech, autobiography, newspaper article, interview, whatever it may be). If I can't find the primary source, any authoritative reference such as a reputable collection of quotations will do. I need the full citation, including page number, publisher, year, etc.

This has been particularly frustrating, because almost all references to this quote are on anti-Castro websites, none of which cite the source of the quote.

I may have more requests for help with quote verification in the coming weeks. Thank you.

QUESTION: media coverage of 1991 riot at P4W (Prison for Women) in Canada?

question / pregunta: 

In 1991, women at P4W (or Prison for Women, Canada's only federal prison for women) rioted. Their riot was sparked by the 4th suicide of a Native woman within a 16-month time period. They barricaded themselves in the recreation room. The state responded by sending in prison guards with tear gas and attack dogs.

Where would I find media coverage (if any) of this event? (This is NOT the same as the 1994 P4W riots where a riot squad violently "extracted" sleeping women from their cells after a physical fight between the women and guards)

QUESTION: women incarcerated for "conspiracy"

question / pregunta: 

Where would I find information on the number of women incarcerated (each year) for "conspiracy" under the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986?

Answer: mass clemencies for women incarcerated for killing their abusers


For those of you interested in reading about cases of clemency, it is easy enough to go to the New York Times website (which now does free searches for articles going back to 1981- going back further requires access to an electronic database) and do a search for the three terms "clemency abuse women" for a number of articles to show up. I haven't found out about mass clemencies of over 25 women, but i do have some leads on information relevant to clemency in general.

My Google search of "law clemency women murder" gave me two very good sites. One of them describes the The Michigan Battered Women's Clemency Project. The other is a description of a legal case related to that project: click me. Both of these articles list Carol Jacobsen as a contact person for more information on the topic.

The second website has a reference to a journal article Jacobsen co-wrote in the Hastings Women's Law Journal, 2007(no.18). The title is: "Battered Women, Homicide Convictions, and Sentencing: The Case for Clemency". Though written in 2007, the article deals with the decades between 1968-1988. If you are near a university library, they may have electronic access to this journal.

Lastly, using the database Genderwatch (which is, unfortunately, not available at the New York Public Library, the Brooklyn Public Library, or the Queens Public Library), i found a 2004 article from the Berkeley Women's Law Journal (vol.19, no.1) titled: "Unlocking Liberty: Is California's Habeas Law the Key to Freeing Unjustly Imprisoned Battered Women?", written by Jill Adams. The article discusses issues of clemency, or reduced sentencing, for women who killed their abusers.

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