Answer: mass clemencies for women incarcerated for killing their abusers


For those of you interested in reading about cases of clemency, it is easy enough to go to the New York Times website (which now does free searches for articles going back to 1981- going back further requires access to an electronic database) and do a search for the three terms "clemency abuse women" for a number of articles to show up. I haven't found out about mass clemencies of over 25 women, but i do have some leads on information relevant to clemency in general.

My Google search of "law clemency women murder" gave me two very good sites. One of them describes the The Michigan Battered Women's Clemency Project. The other is a description of a legal case related to that project: click me. Both of these articles list Carol Jacobsen as a contact person for more information on the topic.

The second website has a reference to a journal article Jacobsen co-wrote in the Hastings Women's Law Journal, 2007(no.18). The title is: "Battered Women, Homicide Convictions, and Sentencing: The Case for Clemency". Though written in 2007, the article deals with the decades between 1968-1988. If you are near a university library, they may have electronic access to this journal.

Lastly, using the database Genderwatch (which is, unfortunately, not available at the New York Public Library, the Brooklyn Public Library, or the Queens Public Library), i found a 2004 article from the Berkeley Women's Law Journal (vol.19, no.1) titled: "Unlocking Liberty: Is California's Habeas Law the Key to Freeing Unjustly Imprisoned Battered Women?", written by Jill Adams. The article discusses issues of clemency, or reduced sentencing, for women who killed their abusers.

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QUESTION: Prison Population statistics and health care costs

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I'm doing a research project in which I try to estimate the cost of health care for prisoners as a function of age. The best way (that I can think of) to do this is to find the prison health care spending of each state, and also the prison population characteristics.
The question is, does anyone know where I can find prison population statistics that include age? I need this for each state, and/or the federal prison system. If someone knows how to use census data files, that might help - their summary statistics don't have enough information to be useful.
Thanks for your time.

QUESTION: sit-down demonstration among Oregon prisoners in 1980s

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Some time in the 1980s, women incarcerated in Oregon staged a sit-down demonstration to protest the fact that higher education was available to male prisoners but not female prisoners. As a result of the demonstration, 10 women prisoners were allowed to participate in college courses that had previously only been open to men at Oregon STate Prison.

How would I find media coverage/more information about this demonstration and its results?

QUESTION: finding an instance cited in a court ruling (Overton v Bazzetta, U.S. Court of Appeals)

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In the U.S. Court of Appeals decision in Overton V. Bazzetta, the opinion referenced an incident that happened in a prison: "Visitors were assigned specific seats or tables and were expected to remain where assigned. However, these expectations often were not realized. This was particularly true with respect to child visitors, who often left their assigned position and mingled wiht other children or even with other prisoners. It was during such a wandering period that a 3-year-old child was sexually assaulted by an inmate, an incident that the district judge described as a 'public relations disaster' and Bolden [Daniel Bolden, Deputy Director for the Bureau of Correctional Facilities] termed 'a nightmare.'"

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QUESTION: how would I find the final decision in the case Neal v. MDOC?

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In 1996, the class-action lawsuit Neal v. MDOC was filed on behalf of women prisoners in Michigan. I've found several references of the case in articles in prison journals on-line, but nothing that has stated the final outcome of the case. Where would I look to find the most recent (or final) decision of a case?

QUESTION: prison lawsuit from 1970s

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Follow-up question to the last one about Carol Crooks and a 1974 court decision.

What is the original suit that Crooks v. Warne references (or appeals)?

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