Answer: What is the Amount of US Debt to Foreign Countries?

The US public debt is "commonly called the national debt or the gross federal debt, is the amount of money owed by the the United States federal government.

Alternative and Independent Bookstores

Alternative and independent bookstores

Answer: Cops per capita

The Bureau of Justice Statistics puts out a report on Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics that contains data on local and state law enforcement agencies with more than 100 officer

ANSWER: recruitment goal numbers

I didn't find reports from June 2003, 2004, and 2005 for easy comparison or that exactly support what you're after. Finding those numbers for each specific force (i.e. Air Force, Army, Marines, Navy, the Reserves for each.) might be more doable by searching the news releases on the DoD site. Another problem is that it seems that they work by fiscal, rather than calendar, year, so there won't be any 2005 figures.

Here's a nice chart from http://www.dod.mil/comptroller/par/fy2004/06-01_Detailed_Performance.pdf, page 19, accessed July 2, 2005.

I've retyped this chart from http://www.asafm.army.mil/fo/fod/cfo/afr/currentyr/two.pdf, page 10, accessed July 2, 2005.

Table 1: Recruiting 2002 Actual 2003 Actual 2004 Goal 2004 Actual
Active Army 79,585 74,132 77,000 77,587
Army Reserve 41,697 27,365 32,275 32,699
Army National Guard 63,251 84,202 56,002 49,210

The info from this retyped chart, doesn't entirely match http://www.dod.mil/comptroller/par/fy2004/06-01_Detailed_Performance.pdf, page 31, accessed July 2, 2005, but that may be because it's from the 3rd quarter.

Enlisted Recruiting: FY 2004 Performance Through 3rd Quarter
Army, Active 55,607 target 56,165 achieved
Navy, Active 25,729 target 25,723 achieved
Air Force, Active 26,790 target 27,082 achieved
Marine Corps, Active 19,761 target 19,930 achieved

I found this graphic from the CQ Homeland Security database http://homeland.cq.com.mizuna.cc.columbia.edu:2048
(subscription database). "Where is the Army Today?" CQ Weekly, August 2, 2003. 1980.

Another adorable graphic from http://www.defenselink.mil/execsec/adr2003/pdf_files/04_Force_Management.pdf, accessed July 2, 2005, page 10.

ANSWER: Origins of methadone

It looks like about half of this is indeed an urban legend, or at least a legend of some kind. This Hitler connection is supported even in academic journals, as in: "Methadone, also called "dolophine" or "dollies" in old street parlance, came from World War II Germany as a synthetic opioid created for medical use. Supposedly, "dolophine" was named for none other than "Adolph" Hitler, perhaps one of the reasons its name was eventually changed." (Agar, Michael, and Heather Schacht. "A Tale of Two Policies: The French Connection, Methadone, and Heroin Epidemics." Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry; Sep2002, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p371, 26p).

ANSWER: New York corporations

Thanks for your question. Corporate ownership is very hard to unravel. Some companies make it very clear through their annual report or website who they own. Some don't.

First step is to see if the company that interests you is at all up front about ownership information. You might check if any of the companies have a website which give information about ownership or have an annual report available. You can access corporate annual reports as well as other types of corporate records which must be filed with the SEC using their free EDGAR service, http://www.sec.gov/edgar/searchedgar/webusers.htm.

Answer: Social Security and young people

I was unable to find footage specifically on the proposed Social Security changes and youth.

sources for punk rock and activism question


Below are some sources to get you started on the first part of your question, which I guess is the main part, about punk rock's relation to political movements and activism such as Black Bloc or the wider anti-globalization movement.

Alternative Libraries and Infoshops

Download the handout given for the alternative libraries workshop at the Radical Reference Alternative Libraries skill sharing at the 2005 midwinter ALA conference in Boston, here radicalreference.info/altlib_infoshop

In addition to the RR list, you can check the Slingshot Radical Contact list here. It is updated more frequently than ours.

Last updated 12/08/11

Bicycling Resources

Please contact MRM with any suggestions or comments.

last updated July 2012, minor updates February 2013

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