QUESTION: Black clubwomen creating institutions to shelter Black juvenile delinquents in 1800s?


You might be interested in the following two articles:

1. Evette Perry, T. and Davis-Maye, D. (2007) Bein' Womanish: Womanist Efforts in Child Saving During the Progressive Era: The Founding of Mt. Meigs Reformatory. Affilia, 22(2), 209- 219.


This article highlights the establishment by the Alabama Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs in 1907 of Alabama’s first and only reform school for African American youths, the Mt. Meigs Reformatory for Juvenile Negro Lawbreakers. Recognizing that the issues of African American women and the larger African American community were inextricably linked, courageous 19th-century African American women worked within a womanist ideological framework and harnessed their resources to develop purposeful agendas and creative responses to pressing problems in the African American community. Sorely neglected, this legacy begs for the attention of scholars who recognize the value of unearthing historical fragments to create enriched wholes.

You can get this article using the database SAGE Premier 2007 at any of the following NYPL branches/centers:

· Humanities and Social Sciences Library
· New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
· Science, Industry and Business Library
· Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

2. Muth B., Gehring, T. et al. (n.d.) Janie Porter Barrett (1865-1948): Exemplary African American correctional educator. Retrieved online Monday, November 30, 2009 from:

Pages 8 and 9 of this article mention that in 1913, the Virginia State Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs opened a reformatory school for African-American girls in Virginia. During that time, Janie Porter Barrett was president of the federation.

Related Question

QUESTION: discrimination in european countries


Here is a good source of very recent information on public opinion in EU countries on discrimination. This addresses your question about "what are the countries in europe with the least discrimination against arabs and muslims ?"

This is part of a large EU survey called "Eurobarometer" -- see the report under the section: Discrimination in the EU in 2009.

The fact sheets are summary info on each EU country

Germany ("DE"):
Italy ("IT"):

Related Question

from Ellen


Census of State Adult Correctional Facilities, 1979
Principal Investigator(s):United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics

I think the data is free, but you have to create a log in.

Answer provided by Ellen, not me!

Related Question

QUESTION: field trip resources

question / pregunta: 

I am an elementary school educator in Portland Or and I am looking for unique field trips for my students. I am looking specifically for opportunities to experience grassroots organizations, ideas and movements. I found a small zine publisher (IPRC) that has a wonderful field trip program and am looking to expand on that experience. Any ideas or suggestions would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!

NYC Kindergarten stats


It looks like the ACS is proposing to remove about 3,200 kindergarten slots from child care centers. I found this information on this public hearing notification from the New York State Assembly:

The approximate number of Kindergartners in New York City is 104,000. 75% in public school and 25% in private school. This if from 2007, the most recent data they have available. I found this using the American Community Survey Statistics:
(I’m not sure if that link will work)
But you can recreate my search using the American Factfinder survey S1401

When you are searching, New York City is considered a “place” as opposed to “urban area” or “Metropolitan area”.
I don’t think there are really “slots” per say, because they will just keep cramming the kids into classrooms.

I’m still looking for names of the child care centers getting cut, but I’m not having much luck.


Related Question

QUESTION: History and info about skillshares

question / pregunta: 

I'm trying to get some skillshares started at my library school, and was hoping to do the first one about skillshares themselves to explain the idea to people, but I can't seem to find any information about them. I'm figuring I can just wing it, and get people to, you know, share their skills, as a way of introducing the idea, but it would be nice to have some background info as well.

Any resources you can recommend?

QUESTION: librarianship

question / pregunta: 

I know that in order to become a librarian, you need a Masters in library science...Is it possible to be accepted into one of these Master's programs if you have a Bachelor's from a different field? In California? Would I have to get another B.A.?

Thank you for your help.


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