Where Did the Police Term "No Human Involved" first originate?


I could not find any definitive answers, but the following articles offer some context on how the term might have started.

An essay called "The Endless Dream Game of Death", by Luis Rodriguez states that the LAPD began using the term during the 1980's, to dismiss victims of gang violence.

In "NHI-No Humans Involved," UCSD faculty member Elizabeth Sisco, traces the use of the term to the San Diego area during the 1980's and 1990's, by San Diego police, to address a series of murders and sexual assaults against women. Sisco wrote that the head of the task force assigned to investigate the murders claimed that the use of "NHI" is fictionalized by old detective novels, but another San Diego officer confirmed the use of the "NHI" term in a Sacramento Bee article to describe these murders.

Rodriguez, Luis J. and D. Cesare (1995). Endless Dream Game of Death. Grand Street, No. 52, Games. pp. 61-77. Access December 6, 2009 from Jstor database through San Jose State University.

Sisco, Elizabeth. (1993) NHI-No Humans Involved. NHI-No Humans Involved. Accessed December 6, 2009.

Related Question

Black clubwomen creating institutions to shelter Black juvenile delinquents in 1800s?


Hi Vicki,

Here are a few things to get you started. The first link is to the publicly available article “Black Club Women and Child Welfare: Lessons for Modern Reform.”

This site provides information about the General Federation of Women's Clubs

The next item is a book, which is not available online but, is available though New York Public Library.

Southern Ladies, New Women: Race, Region, and Clubwomen in South Carolina 1890-1930 by Joan Marie Johnson.

These two articles are available through an article database called JSTOR, which is also available through NYPL. You can give these citations to a librarian and he or she should be able to get them for you.

“Black Feminism in Indiana, 1893-1933” by Erlene Stetson

“Welfare and the Role of Women: The Juvenile Court Movement” by Elizabeth J. Clapp

I saw several other similar articles, but most of what I found was not publicly available, though you should be able to access them through NYPL. If this is an option that appeals to you let me know and I can post some more.

Related Question

South Bronx Stats


As far as the crime type statistics go, you can use the NYPD website. The Precints that are in the South Bronx appear to be the 40th (Mott Haven), 41st (Hunts Point), and 42nd (Melrose). It of course depends on what borders you are using for "South Bronx".
This shows the stats for each precinct:
It doesn't say how many are incarcerated, but it will give you an idea.

The South Bronx looks like it's Community District 1 in the Bronx (BX CD-1)
The NYC Dept. of City Planning has stats on each Community District:
Here is an extensive report:

If you still have specific questions not answered in this report, feel free to contact me directly, as I love census statistics. :-)
natalie (dot) brant (at) gmail

Related Question

QUESTION: statistics for philadelphia

question / pregunta: 

We are working on a newsletter for and by Pennsylvania prisoners. One of the topics has to do with quality of life in Philadelphia.
We are looking for sources to find the following info:

Murder Rate (for the last few years, in comparison to other cities [per capita])
The lock up rate, per capita, compared to other cities
Chemicals in the water supply, in comparison
Median Income
Estimated homelessness population
Who owes the most taxes? How much is 'saved' due to tax abatement? Other tax info

Any help would be much appreciated. Thanks!

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