Suggested Readings


When searching WorldCat and periodical databases, you might want to try using some of the following subject headings:

Race discrimination
Discrimination in employment
Minorities -- Employment
Affirmative action programs
Diversity in the workplace

Here are some books, articles, and websites that might be useful ....


Arnesen, Eric, ed. The Black Worker : Race, Labor, and Civil Rights since Emancipation. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006.
Burstein, Paul. Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination and Public Policy. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1994.
Cherry, Robert. Who Gets the Good Jobs?: Combating Race and Gender Disparities. New Brusnwick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001.
Cohen, Samuel. Race and Gender Discrimination at Work. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000.
Darity, William. Persistent Disparity: Race and Economic Inequality in the United States Since 1945. Northampton MA: Elgar, 1998.
Ezorsky, Gertrude. Racism and Justice: The Case for Affirmative Action. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.
Jones, Jacqueline. American Work: Four Centuries of Black and White Labor. New York: W.W. Norton, 1999.
Moss, Philip I. and Chris Tilly. Stories Employers Tell: Race, Skill, and Hiring in America. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001.
Nelson, Bruce. Divided we Stand: American Workers and the Struggle for Black Equality. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Roediger, David R. The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class. New York: Verso, 1991.
Royster, Deirdre. Race and the Invisible Hand: How White Networks Exclude Black Men from Blue-collar Jobs. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
Watkins, Steve. The Black O: Racism and Redemption in an American Corporate Empire. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1997.
Wilson, George. Race, Ethnicity, and Inequality in the U.S. Labor Market: Critical Issues in the New Millennium. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2007.
Wilson, Joseph, Manning Marable, and Immanuel Ness, eds. Race and Labor Matters in the New U.S. Economy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006.
Zieger, Robert H. For Jobs and Freedom : Race and Labor in America since 1865. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2007.


Alexis, Marcus. "The Economics of Racism." The Review of Black Political Economy 26.3 (1999): 51-75.
Bielby, William T. "Minimizing Workplace Gender and Racial Bias.” Contemporary Sociology 29.1 (2000): 120-9.
Brown, Michael K. "Is Race Experienced as Class?" Labor History 41.4 (2000): 513-6.
Cohen, Philip N., and Matt L. Huffman. "Black Underrepresentation in Management Across U.S. Labor Markets." The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 609 (2007): 181-99.
Darity Jr., William A., and Patrick L. Mason. "Evidence on Discrimination in Employment: Codes of Color, Codes of Gender." Journal of Economic Perspectives 12.2 (1998): 63-90.
Deitch, Elizabeth A., Adam Barsky, and Rebecca M. Butz. "Subtle Yet Significant: The Existence and Impact of Everyday Racial Discrimination in the Workplace." Human Relations 56.11 (2003): 1299-324.
Headlee, Sue. "Income and Wealth Transfer Effects of Discrimination in Employment." The Review of Black Political Economy 32.3/4 (2005): 39-64.
Hersch, Joni. "Skin Color Discrimination and Immigrant Pay." Emory Law Journal 58.2 (2008): 357-77.
Katel, Peter. "Affirmative Action." CQ Researcher 18 (2008): 841-864.
Kim, Changhwan, and Christopher R. Tamborini. "The Continuing Significance of Race in the Occupational Attainment of Whites and Blacks: A Segmented Labor Market Analysis." Sociological Inquiry 76.1 (2006): 23-51.
Reskin, Barbara F. "The Proximate Causes of Employment Discrimination." Contemporary Sociology 29.2 (2000): 319-28.
Smith, Terry. "Everyday Indignities: Race, Retaliation, and the Promise of Title VII." Columbia Human Rights Law Review 34.3 (2003): 529-74.
Wilson, George. "Introduction: Race, Ethnicity, and Inequality in the American Workplace: Evolving Issues." American Behavioral Scientist 48.9 (2005): 1151-6.


U.S. Equal Opportunity Employment Commission. Race/Color Discrimination.

U.S. Equal Opportunity Employment Commission. Enforcement Statistics and Litigation.

Bureau of Labor Statistics. Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey, Demographics.

U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division. Employment Litigation: Frequently Asked Questions.

AFL-CIO. Discrimination: Race or Ethnicity.

Cornell University, Legal Information Institute. Employment Discrimination.

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